Archive for the ‘Web Designing’ Category

Installing LAMP on Ubuntu

Posted: March 1, 2011 in Ubuntu, Web Designing

LAMP stands for Linux Apache Mysql Php. See… this is mainly targeted at the newbies. Anyways those EXPERIENCED as well do have a look at this. At times even when the experienced gets jammed at a particular area, it is always suggested to come back to basics. This approach nearly solves 90-95% issues.
So this Post is targeted at EVERYBODY!!! 😉

    Install Apache

To start off we will install Apache.

1. Open up the Terminal (Applications > Accessories > Terminal).

2. Copy/Paste the following line of code into Terminal and then press enter:

sudo apt-get install apache2

3. The Terminal will then ask you for you’re password, type it and then press enter.

    Now Test Apache

To make sure everything installed correctly we will now test Apache to ensure it is working properly.

1. Open up any web browser and then enter the following into the web address:

http://localhost/

You should see a folder entitled apache2-default/. Open it and you will see a message saying “It works!” , congrats to you!

    Install PHP

In this part we will install PHP 5.

Step 1. Again open up the Terminal (Applications > Accessories > Terminal).

Step 2. Copy/Paste the following line into Terminal and press enter:

sudo apt-get install php5 libapache2-mod-php5

Step 3. In order for PHP to work and be compatible with Apache we must restart it. Type the following code in Terminal to do this:

sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

    Now Test PHP

To ensure there are no issues with PHP let’s give it a quick test run.

Step 1. In the terminal copy/paste the following line:

sudo gedit /var/www/testphp.php

This will open up a file called phptest.php.

Step 2. Copy/Paste this line into the phptest file:

Step 3. Save and close the file.

Step 4. Now open you’re web browser and type the following into the web address:

http://localhost/testphp.php

The page should look like this:

Congrats!!! You have now installed both Apache and PHP!

    Install MySQL

To finish this guide up we will install MySQL. (Note – Out of Apache and PHP, MySQL is a bit confusing. So carefully follow the steps. )

Step 1. Once again open up the amazing Terminal and then copy/paste this line:

sudo apt-get install mysql-server

Step 2 (optional). See I wanna tell you an important thing. Carry out this step only if you have already made all the setup required for a server. Else if you are just looking forward to design and create php web server pages, then you better stop reading this step 2 here and continue with step 3.
In order for other computers on your network to view the server you have created, you must first edit the “Bind Address”. Begin by opening up Terminal to edit the my.cnf file.

gksudo gedit /etc/mysql/my.cnf

Change the line

bind-address = 127.0.0.1

And change the 127.0.0.1 to your IP address.

Step 3. This is where things may start to get tricky. Begin by typing the following into Terminal:

mysql -u root

Following that copy/paste this line:

mysql> SET PASSWORD FOR ‘root’@’localhost’ = PASSWORD(‘yourpassword’);

(Make sure to change yourpassword to a password of your choice.)

Step 4. We are now going to install a program called phpMyAdmin which is an easy tool to edit your databases. Copy/paste the following line into Terminal:

sudo apt-get install libapache2-mod-auth-mysql php5-mysql phpmyadmin

After that is installed our next task is to get PHP to work with MySQL. To do this we will need to open a file entitled php.ini. To open it type the following:

sudo gedit /etc/php5/apache2/php.ini

Now we are going to have to uncomment the following line by taking out the semicolon (;).

Change this line:

;extension=mysql.so

To look like this:

extension=mysql.so

Now just restart Apache and you are all set!

sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

The End

Quick note to anyone who encountered problems with setting up the MySQL password, please refer to this page: MysqlPasswordReset

I appreciate everybody who has taken the time to read this guide. This guide is also my first ever so I would love to hear back from you. Please don’t be harsh with your comments. Critics/comments/corrections/suggestions are always welcome.

If you have questions about installing any part of LAMP just drop them in the comment box and I will do my best to help you out.